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Department of Morphology and Physiology

Department of Morphology and Physiology

Department of Morphology and Physiology

The Department of Morphology and Physiology was founded by the union of two departments: morphology (anatomy unit, histology unit) and physiology in September 2018. The head of the department is Candidate of Medical Sciences -Nurlan Nigmetovich Nauryzov.

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The Department of Topographic Anatomy and Operative Surgery was founded in 1951. The first head of the department was professor Lubbock A.I. From 1952 to 1960, the department was headed by associate professor Medvedev EM. During 1962 and 1971, the department was again headed by Professor Lubbock A.I. From 1971 to 1976 them from 1984 to 1989 the department was headed by Khlopov N.А., who is the  Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Honored Scientist of the Kazakh SSR, and also he was the Rector of Karaganda State Medical Institute between 1984 and 1989. Since 1990, the department is named after him. From 1976 to 1984, the Department was headed by the Honored Doctor of the Republic, the Doctor of Medical Sciences professor Chernov T.G. In the years between 1990 and 1992, the Department was headed by the candidate of  Medical Sciences. Sychev P.S. Then during 1993 and 1996, the department was headed by the Associate Professor Bazarbekov Sh.K. From 1996 to 2007, the department was headed by the Associate Professor K.K. Kapenova.

The founder of the Department of Normal Anatomy was MD, Professor Moisey Markovich Trostanetsky (year of 1950), awarded for his great contribution to the health care system with the badge "Excellent worker of Public Health". In the same year the anatomical museum was founded. In 1951, the department was headed by Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Abram I. Lubbock, for his great contribution to the health care system was awarded with the badge " Excellent worker of Public Health". From April 1951 to 1964, the department was headed by Zinovy Gerasimovich Slobodin, MD and professor. From 1964 to 1969, the Department of Normal Anatomy was headed by the Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Bella Mikhailovna Erez. From 1969 to 1990, the Department was headed by the doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Lyubov Sergeevna Kochkina, awarded for her great contribution to the health care system with the badge "Excellent worker of Public Healtuk". From 1990 to 2007, Department of normal anatomy was headed by the candidate of medical Sciences, associate Professor Mukhamediya Yermekovich Tebenov, awarded for excellent work and great contribution to the health care system with a badge “Excellent worker of healthcare of the Republic of Kazakhstan”,for many years of conscientious work the he was awarded with the Certificate of Merit  of the Republic of Kazakhstan  Ministry of health care according to the results of the rating activities of the teaching staff of KSMA in 2004 was awarded with "The Best lecturer" diploma. In 2007-2008 academic year department of the normal anatomy, topographic anatomy and operative surgery were united. From 2007 until 2008 year department of anatomy was headed by the candidate of Medical Sciences, assistant professor Kamariya Kabdeshovna Kapenova, awarded for flawless work and great contribution to the Healthcare system with a  badge ` «The best leader of Healthcare in the Republic of Kazakhstan », for many years of good work she go the certificate of honor of ministry of  Healthcare and the head teacher  the letter of commendation the from president of the Republic of  Kazakhstan. From 2008 to 2009 the head of the department was Karlygash Kayerbekovna Kayerbekova. From 2009 to 2010 Auezkhan Omarkhanovich Omarkhanov candidate of  medical sciences, docent acted as the head of deparment and was awarded for excellent work and great contribution to the health care system with a badge "Excellent worker in Public Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan", for the conscientious work – he was awarded with a " Labour veteran medal", for many years of diligent work and a great contribution to the training of medical personnel with high education in connection with the 60th birthday he was awarded  with the diploma of Ministry of health care of the Republic of Kazakhstan. From 2010 until now head of the department is Nauryzov Nurlan Nigmetovich.

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The main scientific directions of the Department at the beginning were a collateral circulation and the problems of  topographic anatomy of the sympathetic nervous system, relevant problems of modern surgery and radiobiology: search and development of new methods of treatment and prevention of acute surgical infection (peritonitis, etc.). Also employees of the Department conducted research in several areas at the same time: the study of the pathogenesis of various metabolic and pathophysiological disorders, changes in microcirculation and hemodynamics, immunological reactivity and morphological state of various organs in these pathological processes. At the same time, the methods of correction and treatment of the syndrome of endogenous intoxication microcirculatory immunological and hemodynamic disorders (extracorporeal detoxification methods, stimulation of reparative processes and the development of new methods of suturing in peritonitis)were examined in the experiment and were tested in the clinic, the possibilities of using endovascular laser therapy of blood in septic and radiation injuries have been studied.

On this scientific problem under the guidance of Professor N.A.Khlopova one doctoral and 9 master's thesis. Were defended at the same time, since 1966, the department has been developing new scientific fields, such as: influence of  huge operative interventions to various organs and organism systems and development of optimal variants of corrective therapy; compensatory-recovery processes research in organs after resection under the harmful environmental factors; relevant issues of modern surgery and radiology, the possibilities of using intravascular laser therapy of blood in radiation damage and reparative regeneration of dusty lungs after various resections are being studied; cytological assessment of mitogenic and mutogenic effects of microwave radiation on the liver cells.

The main achievements of the department: 2 doctoral, 25 master's theses have been defended, about 400 scientific works, 14 author's certificates for inventions, 73 rationalization proposals have been published, 5 monographs, 5 textbooks, more than 500 guidelines in Russian and Kazakh languages ​​have been published.

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Currently the following employees work at the department:

The head of the department - candidate of Medical Sciences N.N. Nauryzov, associate professors - S.S.Atshabarova, , Z.T. Mukhamedzhanova;  senior lecturers - candidate of Medical Sciences - K.K.Kaiyrbekova, R.T.Karibzhanova, G.B.Shapatova, B.S. Kusainova, E.K.Batiaev, I.A.Agarkova; tutor - S.N.Shaikina; teachers - Z.S.Kabikenova E.S. Seytahmet,Korzhumbayeva, L.S.Omarova, M.N. Sakenova.

The Department of Histology was founded in 1951. In the 1950's. A.A. Zorina, at the invitation of the first rector of KGMI Peter Moiseevich Pospelov, arrived in Karaganda from Kazan and headed the department of histology. The topics addressed in Department of Histology under supervision of A.A. Zorina include the study of afferent and efferent innervation of female reproductive system. 20 master's thesis were defended; more than 270 scientific articles were published under the leadership of A.A. Zorina.  Since 1981. to 2012. The chair was headed by Professor Kurkin A.V. (born in 1941). Doctor of Medical Sciences (1974), thesis on "Calculous pyelonephritis in children", professor (1977). Leading morphologist of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Author of more than 250 scientific and methodical works published in the international and republican press, 3 monographs, standard curricula on Histology. Scientific direction: "Embryonic and postnatal histogenesis in pathology", "Pathological anatomy of childhood". Member of the doctoral dissertation council at the Kazakh Medical Academy (Astana). Prepared 3 doctors, 22 candidates of medical sciences. A number of students head scientific teams in the CIS countries and the Republic of Kazakhstan. Professor Kurkin A.V. Was awarded with the badge «Excellent worker of Health care».

A postgraduate department was created in 1960. Under the guidance of Professor Kurkin A.V. the scientific subjects of Department were devoted to relevent issues of prenatal histogenesis in fetus within normal state or abnormality, including alcohol abuse during pregnancy. On this topic: doctoral dissertations by M.M. Tusupbekova “Comparative renal pathology in fetuses and newborns at risk pregnancies in women of Central Kazakhstan” (1997) and G.U. Zhanaydarova “Embryonic and early postnatal histogenesis of cardiac muscle in antenatal ethanol intoxication” (1997); Candidate’s dissertations by M.M. Tusupbekova (1988), V.A. Yugay (1988), E.A. Nadirov (1991), P.M. Kovalenko (1993), B.Kh. Madieva (1993), V.I. Medvedev (1993). Were written and defended on perinatal intoxication were based the works of R.Z. Yessimova (2004), K.T. Nurseitova (2005) and others. Successfully completed the postgraduate study and defended their dissertations under supervision of Professor Kurkin A.V. the following graduates: M.M. Unisyanova, N.A. Kocheryzhkina, K.B. Abzaliev, G.V. Akashev, D.Kh. Rybalkina; the doctoral study through defense of a doctoral dissertation by L.G. Proshina on the topic “Reactivity of the system of monocyte-macrophage connective tissue in body dehydration and correction of homeostasis by antioxidants”. Under supervision of Professor Kurkin A.V. were written and defended 25 dissertations (3 doctoral and 22 candidate’s); 2 monographs and more than 400 scientific articles were published; a patent for invention was received. 2 people completed master’s program and defended their thesis.

Currently the following employees work at the department:

Proffesor, the doctor of medical scienses G.U.Zhanaydarova,  associate professors – R.Zh.Esimova, S.K.Dzhumabaeva, Nursaytova K.T.; senior lecturer  – B.Kh. Berikbaeva; teachers - S.A. Kusherbaev, T.S. Beissenov, G.J.Ahmetova.

The Department of Physiology was established in the year of foundation of the Institute in 1950. Since 2018 enters the course of the department of morphology and physiology.

Teaching discipline of "Physiology" is conducted on all medical specialties.

The works highly qualified teaching staff: Doctor of Medical Sciences F.A. Mindubayeva, the main Researcher, Professor, Doctor of Medical Sciences N.K.Smagulov; associate professors – Candidate of Biological Sciences A.M. Evnevich. Candidate of Biological Sciences N.M. Kharissova, Candidate of Biological Sciences B.T. Chergizova; senior teachers – Candidate of Medical Sciences Ye.Yu. Salikhova, M.R.Kantemirov N.V. Gitenis, Ye.G. Komkina, A.T. Abaeva, A.A. Adilbekova; tutor - Sh.Sh. Sarsembaeva; teachers –N.N. Akimzhanova.

On physiology conducts an active research work on the grant theme of the MES RK "Clinical and physiological substantiation of the method of early diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension in infants" and two initiative themes: "General regularities and mechanisms of adaptive constitutional reactions of organism against various environmental factors", “Experimental diabetes induced by 4, 8- dihydroxychinoline-2-carboxylic acid and study on opportunities of prevention of its development,"

The professorial teaching staff of physiology annually participates in international symposia, scientific conferences in the countries of near and far abroad, as well as congresses of physiologists of Russia and Kazakhstan (Voronezh, 2017; Almaty, 2018).

Since 2008, the physiology department has a student training physiological laboratory equipped with modern medical equipment for conducting electrophysiological studies of the body's basic systems (cardiovascular, respiratory, central nervous systems) and functional diagnostics in a human.

Since 2012, students of the scientific student circle of the course annually study the physiological mechanisms of individual adaptation of humans in the high mountains of the Fan Mountains; acquire experience in research work at the International Physiological Schools of Central Asia in cooperation with representatives of medical universities in Russia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and China. In 2014 the Department of Physiology organized the First International summer scientific physiological school “Motion activity and health level of students” on the basis of “Medic” recreation camp in Karkaralinsk, attended by students, teachers of Karaganda State Medical University and Tajik State Medical University named after Abu Ali Ibn Sina (TSMU).

The professorial teaching staff of physiology actively cooperates within the framework of the program of academic mobility with the departments of physiology of medical universities in Dushanbe, Kazan, Kostroma, Vilnius, Voronezh, Ryazan. The teachers of the department participate in joint scientific projects. Ye.Yu. Salikhova was a member of a scientific expedition to the Eastern Pamir in 2015 organized by the TSMU named after Abu Ali Ibn Sina, she participated in the International Physiological School of Central Asia for teachers in 2017, 2019.

In July-August 2017, there was conducted an external incoming academic mobility of students from Turkey and Italy within the framework of KazMSA (Fatma Irem Gurbuzer (Gazi University, Turkey), Michela Marinaccio (Bologna University, Italy), Francesco Gozza (Catania University, Italy), Sahin Safak (Tekirdag Namik Kemal University)). On the basis of the physiological laboratory, the students conducted scientific research that determined the effect of moderate physical stress on the functional parameters of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems in students and the assessment of the adaptive capacity of the organism, depending on the degree of tension of the regulatory systems.